How a young population can make development possible


By Lilli Sippel, Tanja Kiziak, Franziska Woellert, Reiner Klingholz

In the poorest region of the world, in sub-Saharan Africa, the population will probably double by the middle of the century. Persisting poverty is exacerbated by high population growth for people, as a result, will be ever more competing for agricultural land, water and food. If Africa succeeds in reducing birth rates and, at the same time, provides young people with productive jobs, the continent looks at developmental opportunities similar to those of the Asian Tiger states, reads one of the conclusions of this study on the demographic dividend in Africa.


Selected Figures

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The present study has been published as a part of the awareness raising campaign “Africa’s Demographic Challenges”. This publication has been produced with the financial assistance of the European Union. The contents of this publication are the sole responsibility of the partner organisations listed below and can under no circumstances be regarded as reflecting the position of the European Union.



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in the Online-Handbook Demography

  • Population and Development - an Overview
    The world population has nearly tripled since the 1950s even though seen globally, the fertility rate today is almost half as high as it was 60 years ago [...]
  • National Population Policy
    When political and other sanctions decrease or even repeal people’s freedoms to decide upon the number of children they want to have does not only violate norms, but also infringes on human rights [...]

Prof. Dr. Manuela Naldini, University of Turin
"Demographic change is not on the political agenda"