Europe looks back on a turbulent decade in which the financial, economic and debt crises led to mass unemployment and brought entire states to the brink of insolvency. As hundreds of thousands of refugees made their way to Europe, many people showed a great willingness to help them, but at the same time this mass migration movement led to new conflicts. All of this has also had a major impact on population development. New migration patterns have emerged while old ones have changed, and in many places fewer people have wanted to start families in the face of economic insecurity. So where do Europe’s regions stand today and what are their long-term prospects? The Berlin Institute for Population and Development has examined these questions using a large number of demographic and socio-economic indicators.