Ethiopia is one of the world’s least developed states. Yet for the past two decades the country has been making extraordinary progress. Targeted investment in health, education and employment has improved the standard of living and triggered a rapid decline in the fertility rate. If it succeeds in consolidating these achievements, Ethiopia could become one of the first sub-Saharan countries to benefit from a “demographic dividend” and demonstrate how development can work in Africa. Hopes are now pinned on the young prime minister, Abiy Ahmed, to introduce the necessary reforms and measures to break out of the vicious circle of poverty and rapid population growth. The study shows which factors have helped Ethiopia along its development path and which challenges it still needs to overcome in order to become a model country on the African continent.
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The Berlin Institute would like to thank the Austrian Development Agency (ADA) for funding the project with funds from the Austrian Development Cooperation, as well as the DEG – Deutsche Investitions- und Entwicklungsgesellschaft mbH and the GfK Verein for financial support.