Social and political challenges
Societies and politics should respond to migration. That means regulating migratory flows based on specific skills; developing strategies to ease migrants’ integration into the labour market and society; providing social support to their family members and assessing the availability of resources at different levels of policy making. In recent years, labour migration has become increasingly salient and contested among populations. Policy-makers should raise awareness for the importance of migration for societies. This requires a clear understanding of the facts and the potential that global migration holds for the EU and Germany.
In search of a better life
Many factors contribute to individual decisions to migrate. These include economic, demographic and political factors, levels of education, interpersonal ties and networks abroad as well the destination country’s migration policy. People's aspirations for change, more freedom and better income opportunities are further drivers of migration. However, the reasons can never be clearly determined. While some people are forced to migrate due to armed conflict or war, the majority do so for economic reasons. They look for jobs in their home country or region. Searching a job from afar is often difficult. Also, German companies face challenges when it comes to hiring foreign workers. The legal situation is complex; the administrative barriers are huge and many applicants lack sufficient qualifications. The Skilled Immigration Act came into force in 2020 to simplify the recruitment process for skilled workers who intend to migrate to Germany from non-EU countries.
Education and employment
Despite challenges, Germany ranks amongst the most popular destination countries for international migrants. Decent work puts people in the position to take care of themselves and to make a proper living. Companies can assist their new employees who want to relocate, for example by providing language training or administrative support for migrants’ settlement status. Educational opportunities aimed at young children from socio-economically disadvantaged backgrounds and immigrant families are equally important. Although education cannot remove all barriers to integration, equal social participation requires important skills that can be developed in school.