• Study

Unlocking the Power of Demographic Dividends

Insights and Recommendations from #The4DSeries Policy Dialogues

Catherina Hinz, Colette Rose

In many low- and lower middle-income countries, particularly in Africa, populations are growing rapidly. In the early stages of the demographic transition, they must meet an increasing number of people’s essential needs, such as health care, education and food. Countries that are already experiencing shifts in their population age structure and where the share of the working-age population is rising often struggle to provide their young populations with decent jobs. How can these countries increase their chances of capitalizing on this demographic change to promote human potential? Interventions in key sectors such as health, education and employment are needed to accelerate socioeconomic progress to harness the potential of a demographic dividend.

Recognising the potential for carefully targeted population policies to deliver demographic dividends, UNFPA, the African Union Commission and the Government of Germany launched #The4DSeries policy dialogue on demographic dividends and diversity in 2020. Six dialogues were convened through 2023, creating a platform for exchange, where participants learned from one another and developed key points for action to inform policy planning and guide governments in finding country specific solutions. The Berlin Institute provided technical and scientific inputs for each dialogue, which focused on topics including data, food security and nutrition, education, adolescent sexual and reproductive health and rights, urbanisation and climate resilience.

This report is based on the dialogues’ Event Reports and Food for Thought Papers, bringing together best practices and policy recommendations for unlocking demographic dividends. It is an important tool for governments and civil society to inform policy planning and implementation to promote and achieve sustainable development.

Focus Areas: International population policies, Population and development in Africa, Demographic dividend
published: 10th July 2023

Selected Graphics

As a rule, women with better access to education tend to have fewer children, including in West Africa, where average fertility rates remain relatively high.
African cities are projected to grow by another 900 million residents by 2050. This presents a challenge for urban planners, but at the same time it may provide an opportunity for demographic change. In cities people have easier access to health services, education, jobs and, not least, contraceptives.
Countries in the Global South are bearing the brunt of the effects of global warming, including more frequent cyclones, coastal flooding, prolonged drought and torrential rains.


Colette Rose

Project Coordinator International Demography

Telefon: +49 - 30 31 01 95 91

Contact via Mail:

© Berlin-Institut

Catherina Hinz

Executive Director

Telefon: +49 30 - 22 32 48 45

Contact via Mail:

© Berlin-Institut


All publications
To Top