This report highlights the potential of targeted population policies to achieve demographic dividends.
Population growth rates in Africa are the highest in the world. By mid-century, there could be 2.5 billion people living on the continent – almost twice as many as today. This is mainly a result of high fertility rates, making it increasingly difficult to provide hospitals, schools, housing and, above all, jobs for future generations.
High fertility rates also prevent a shift in the age structure that could boost growth, as experienced by Asian tiger countries. Fertility rates on the African continent need to fall rapidly for socio-economic development and to reap a “demographic dividend”. A number of regional trailblazers have shown that careful demographic policy can make this possible. The study highlights interventions that can contribute to declining fertility rates and discusses what other African countries can learn from the experiences of these pioneers.
The Berlin Institute would like to thank the Federal Foreign Office for funding the project. The Berlin Institute is solely responsible for the content of the study.
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