This policy paper highlights what economic opportunities are likely to arise for Africa if fertility rates decline and a change of age structure sets in.
At the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) held in Cairo in 1994, the international community agreed that all individuals should have the basic right to decide freely and responsibly about the number and the spacing of their children and have the information, education and means to do so. After all, self-determination – especially for women – is key to sustainable development. However, progress in the area of sexual and reproductive health and rights is slow, partly due to continuing opposition to the Cairo Programme of Action (PoA). The discussion paper shows from which sides headwinds come and which arguments are being put forward by opponents like the Vatican, evangelical Christians in the USA and "anti-Choice" movements in Europe in order to undermine the implementation of the ICPD goals.
The Berlin Institute would like to thank the Dirk Rossmann GmbH for funding this project. The Berlin Institute is solely responsible for the content of this paper. The Berlin Institute would also like to thank the DSW – Deutsche Stiftung Weltbevoelkerung for funding the translation of the discussion paper.