This report highlights the potential of targeted population policies to achieve demographic dividends.
Until recently, Africa’s economies had been growing consistently. Between 2000 and 2018, African gross domestic product increased by more than four percent per year on average, only surpassed by countries in South and East Asia. However, high economic growth over the last two decades has not been sufficient to keep up with population growth on the continent. Moreover, economic growth has barely translated into the socio-economic progress needed to offer young generations better opportunities and thereby reduce long-term population growth. This discussion paper highlights the main reasons for this and highlights economic opportunities that are likely to arise for Africa if fertility rates decline and a change of the population age structure sets in.
The Berlin Institute would like to thank the Federal Foreign Office for funding the project. The Berlin Institute is solely responsible for the content of the study.
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